Attached to the west wall, the lighthouse tower rises majestically, 14 meters high, crowned by a dome with a metallic weather vane, where the year of its inauguration is written: 1920. Until the end of the 80's it was the residence of the successive lighthouse keepers and their families and from 2021 it is enabled as a tourist accommodation establishment, to become one of the most unique and exquisite hotels in Galicia, but retaining its main purpose as a lighthouse.
At present the lighthouse emits a white and red light that reaches a distance of 20 miles. The area next to the lighthouse has one of the best beaches on the coast and radiates tranquility and peace, with beautiful panoramic views that offer an unforgettable sunset over the ocean.
On February 25, 1966, around ten o'clock at night, the frigate Ariete ran aground on the beach of Ardeleiro in Lira. This frigate of the Audaz class, built in Ferrol and launched in 1955, was 94 meters long and had a displacement of 1552 tons.
After leaving Ferrol towards Cartagena on February 24, 1966, they encountered a progressive worsening of the weather, reaching force 9 winds with gusts of 120 km/h, which caused serious damage to the ship to the point of leaving it practically without any steering.
After alarm signals, an oil tanker and the destroyer Legazpi managed to give her a tow which in the end broke up, leaving the fate of the Ariete sealed.
The heroic behavior of the neighbors of Carnota who came to the rescue, in some cases throwing themselves into the sea without assessing the risk to their lives and with the characteristic courage of the people of these lands, made them earn 67 Cross of Civil Merit, 168 people were saved.
Four decades later, half a hundred crew members returned to Lira to relive that sinking. The military gathered in the vicinity of the sanctuary of the Virgen de los Remedios, where a monolith was inaugurated in memory of the tragedy.
The Hórreo de Carnota, declared a National Monument, was built in 1768, but it was in 1783 when it was extended with new pairs of feet. It is 34.76 meters long and 1.90 meters wide and has 22 pairs of feet. There has always been a certain healthy rivalry between the neighbors of the parishes of Lira and Carnota over which of the two hórreos is worthy of the "largest" award. The Church of Santa Comba de Carnota, built in 1755, is of classicist baroque style. The main altar is presided over by a beautiful altarpiece, the work of the sculptor José Ferreiro. The church and the hórreo, together with the rectory and the dovecote, form an architectural ensemble of unquestionable beauty.
The Hórreo de Lira was built between 1779 and 1814 by the architect Gregorio Quintela, on a stone platform, in order to save the unevenness of the terrain. Like the one in Carnota, it has 22 pairs of feet but is 36.53 meters long and 1.60 meters wide. There has always been a certain healthy rivalry between the neighbors of the parishes of Lira and Carnota about which of the two hórreos is worthy of the "biggest" award. Since 2013, every summer, a great celebration of popular culture is held in the vicinity of the hórreo, organized by the Canal de Lira Cultural Association, which generates a lot of expectation.
Pinto Mountain and Ézaro Waterfall
Without leaving the area we can not fail to visit Ézaro, is the only parish of the municipality that borders the sea, the Atlantic Ocean. Although what characterizes and what this parish is best known for is its waterfall "Fervenza do Ézaro" where the river Xallas permeates and determines the whole character of the municipality of Dumbría. It crosses it from north to south, until it flows in its maximum expression in the form of a waterfall, directly into the Atlantic Ocean. The waterfall of the Ézaro River is full of legendary stories; princesses' heartbreaks, supernatural powers, enchantments, rites, etc. It is also the only river in Europe that flows into the sea in this way.
Before becoming a waterfall, the river is retained by three reservoirs; Fervenza, Castrelo and Santa Uxía. These places are recommended for their scenic beauty, as well as for their abundant native flora and fauna. Especially remarkable are the so-called Pías or Caldeiras, which are natural cavities built over the centuries by the river, bathed by transparent turquoise waters. In the last stretch the river has a fall of 155 meters, and the height of the waterfall is 40 meters.
It is a spectacle that can be enjoyed both night and day, and is that the waterfall looks beautiful on a clear night and in the light of the moon, reflecting it in the water falling from above.
The area is a unique place for hiking and is part of a special protection area, included in the Natura 2000 Network, which has a great geological, botanical, faunistic and landscape interest, which makes it a tourist resource of reference of the geo-destination.
It is a unique set of dunes and marshes with an inner lagoon that hosts plant and animal communities of great interest. It also serves as a refuge for a large number of species of migratory birds and is one of the few places in Galicia where the lesser black-headed stilt nests. Its attractiveness needs no explanation, the color of its area, the sound of the sea, a paradisiacal landscape practically virgin at the foot of Monte Pindo, which serves as a refuge for a large number of species of migratory birds. In addition to being one of the few places in Galicia where nests the mockingbird, a bird that is in danger of extinction due to the constant alteration of its habitat.
Senda Verde, a route in space and time
Before the construction of the current road along the coast, the neighbors of Carnota, although mostly women, often lifted the baskets with local products, eggs or milk and went to the fair to Muros. Instead, they brought other products that were not available in their homes, which was known as "barter". That same road that these women traveled so much for work, is today a place to stroll and enjoy the surroundings.
Many decide to travel the 14 km that separate El Fondeadero from Louredo, walking and others by bicycle, but all of them say they are astonished by the spectacular views that the route offers of Lariño Beach, Carnota Beach, Portocubelo and Monte Pindo. The current path does not correspond in its entirety with the old path. From the Senda Verde today you can take several detours, some of them leading to the various population centers and others to the various archaeological sites that make up the Open Archaeological Museum of Carnota.
Viewpoints: Louredo and Lira
From the Mirador de Lira on clear days you can enjoy spectacular panoramic views of the southern part of the Costa da Morte. You will be able to see simultaneously the Lighthouses of Lariño and Fisterra. The viewpoint is located in the high part of Monte de Lira taking advantage of the orography of the land. It has a rest area nearby and a representation of vertical slabs that include replicas of petroglyphs, work of the sculptor "Xosé Cernadas". Despite being one of the viewpoints of the City Council that offers some of the best aerial views, it is not the most visited due to the narrow accesses that lead to it.
Los Miñarzos covers an area of 2,074 hectares, and there are two integral reserves that occupy 79 hectares. Within the reserve zone, more restrictive measures are defined than those established by the general fishing regulations, referring to periods of activity, minimum sizes of specimens and catch quotas per boat. In the integral reserves, all extractive activities and underwater activities are prohibited; only activities for scientific purposes are allowed with express permission. Underwater fishing is prohibited throughout the marine reserve, but recreational, observation and, of course, photographic diving is permitted, except in the integral reserves. The Lira (Mardelira) fishermen's guild promotes the appreciation of fishing culture through the Mardelira project, which allows visitors to learn about a normal day's work at sea and the life of a small fishing port. It also organizes fishing workshops for schoolchildren, guided tours and boat trips for sport anglers in which no-kill fishing is practiced.
Montelouro and Xalfas Lagoon
Legend has it that in the lagoon there is a sunken village and that on stormy days you can hear the bells and the voices of the inhabitants.
From the Curro de la Plaza and towards the Calle Real you can take a lovely walk that takes you back to another time as you stroll through its streets steeped in history. The Plaza del Mercado (old Plaza Mayor) where it is obligatory to stop to enjoy the beautiful architecture, after which you can rest visiting the two most special squares of the town: The Plaza del Cristo with its beautiful cruise carved in 1789 and the Plaza de la Pescadería Vieja converted into a restaurant area where you will find a curious stonework fountain that reproduces the silhouette of a reptile with wings.
Tide Mill, Pozo de Cachón
Its operation takes advantage of the movement of the tides.
The key is in the dam of more than 230 m. During high tide the water accumulates and the dike is closed to prevent its escape. When the water level has dropped, the floodgates are opened, so that the retained water flows out driving the 'moas', crushing the grain.
In the Pozo do Cachón, over these 'moas' stands a plant that served as a warehouse and even as a bathhouse for treatments with seawater and algae. Today it is a cultural center open to the public.
Rock Art: The Petroglyphs
The engravings are usually located on granitic rocks in areas close to water courses, on the slopes of mountain slopes or hills, the technique consists of a picketing with an instrument that acts as a chisel or with a continuous action of abrasion by rubbing with a cutting instrument.
In Muros we have Cova da Bruxa, which is one of the most interesting sets of Galician rock art, both for its extension, being one of the largest in the area, and for its wide range of highly complex motifs. Figures such as deer, canids, equines and a human figure surrounded by circular representations seem to want to express some clue of what our ancestors were at the time.
Ancient Greco-Roman geographers locate here the Promontorium Nerium and the Ara Solis, the altar of worship to the sun, built by the Phoenicians and that the Apostle Santiago himself had it destroyed shortly after.
The uniqueness of Finisterre arises from the many legends that surround these lands, in which religious, maritime and stone elements are combined. Thanks to the memory of the people of this place, these legends are still alive, captivating, along with the wonderful views that Fisterra has, to anyone who comes to visit the End of the World.
Finisterre is formed by an old nucleus grown in an amphitheater over the port. Its houses and narrow streets are very typical and original. In the center is the Plaza de Ara solis, on the outskirts, we find the most interesting monument of the town: the Church of Santa Maria de las Areas and within the historical complex of the town, also highlights the Castle of San Carlos. But a must-see is the lighthouse built in 1853, 138 m. above the sea, which protects one of the most dangerous coasts in the world.
It is known by all the navigators of the world, for its importance as a means of warning of the proximity of an extremely dangerous coast, its light reaches 65 km in length, as well as for the reputation of treacherous of this maritime area.
It is the most western and emblematic lighthouse in Europe, traditionally considered as the cape of the end of the world, "Finis Terrae".